4 CATEGORIES OF AOC

1.5% of the production

grands crus: literally high range vintages

vineyard 32 grands crus in Cote d’Or (+1 in Chablis)

example: MONTRACHET, CORTON, CHAMBERTIN etc…

10 % of the production

premier cru: literally 1st vintage / vineyard

climate: represents a small piece of land (parcel), with a very specific soil expression, exposure, altitude etc…

there are 562 climates classified as Premier cru.

example: SANTENAY 1er Cru “La Comme”, CHASSAGNE-MONTRACHET 1er Cru “Le Cailleret” etc…

34 % of the production

total 34 AOC like Chablis, Nuit Saint George, Pouilly fuisse etc…

54.5% of the production

21 AOC like Bourgogne, Cremant de Bourgogne etc…

 

 

Having divided wines by their classification, we shall now distinguish six regions (from north to south):

6 WINEGROWING REGIONS:

The production of the Chablis vineyard covers about twenty villages.

This vineyard is very famous and Chablis has for many years been synonymous with great dry white wine, worldwide.

Summers are hot, winters long and severe and the young shoots are particularly vulnerable to spring frosts from March to May.

CEPAGE: exclusively Chardonnay (the only grape variety authorized)
SOIL: stony, clay-limestone ground

Appellations are Chablis Grand Cru Chablis Premier, Chablis, Petit Chablis

The Grand Auxerrois vineyards has mostly Chardonnay and Aligoté for whites, Pinot Noir and Gamay for reds. Climate is very much like Chablis.

25 kilometres long and 7 kilometres wide, lying between the Côte de Beaune to the north and the hills of the Mâconnais to the south.

Hot summers and dry autumns, highly favourable to good maturation of the grapes.

The Côte Chalonnaise  soil: clay-limestone soils coming from a limestone rock base (from the Jurassic era or older).

The Côte du Couchois soil:  is on top of clays and marls and among the limestone of the mid-Jurassic era.

CEPAGES: Pinot Noir and Chardonnay

Some appellations: BOURGOGNE CÔTE CHALONNAISE, GIVRY, MONTAGNY, RULLY  etc…

Côte de Nuits vineyard have been producing exceptional wines for nearly 2000 years. The area consists of a narrow strip of slopes which extends over twenty kilometers (sometimes only two or three hundred meters wide).
The notions of terroir, climate and clos, highlighted since the 10th century by the monks of the great abbeys, here assume their full dimension.

RED CEPAGE: Pinot Noir is the traditionnal cepage of Côtes de Nuits, where it florishes extremely well. Gamay can be found exceptionally.
WHITE CEPAGES: Chardonnay can be found traditionally and
Aligoté is also used.

SOIL: limestone, produces a range of red wines unique in the world.

Hautes Côtes de Nuits vineyard extends over twenty or more villages behind the Côte reconstructed in the 1950s with Pinot Noir and Chardonnay on the best slopes to obtain better quality wines.

Some appellations:  BOURGOGNE HAUTES-CÔTES DE NUITS , MUSIGNY , CLOS DE VOUGEOT, CÔTE DE NUITS-VILLAGES , GEVREY-CHAMBERTIN, ROMANÉE-CONTI , VOSNE-ROMANÉE etc…

On the borders of Burgundy and Champagne, part of this vineyard is devoted to sparkling wines.

Climate is oceanic with continental influence, characterised by hard winters and hot summers. For this reason, the vine may suffer spring frosts but benefits from beautiful summers and autumns, which provide excellent conditions for ripening the grapes. The general absence of fog means that the region enjoys plenty of sunshine.

SOIL: This excellent clay -limestone soil is characterised more precisely by an amalgam of hard limestone elements, called ‘Grèzes’, which produce the subtlety, depth and fullness of the flavours.

CEPAGES: Pinot Noir and Chardonnay mostly , but also Pinot Blanc, Gamay or Aligoté.

The appellations are CRÉMANT DE BOURGOGNE, BOURGOGNE ROUGE / BLANC / ROSE

The Côte de Beaune vineyard covers about twenty kilometers, along an often narrow slope (barely a few hundred meters wide), magnificently exposed to the rising sun. The greatest dry white wines in the world grow alongside renowned red wines.

The Hautes Côtes de Beaune, (litterrally above the Côte de Beaune) is a plateau in altitude (400 meters), crossed by valleys that create a hilly landscape were about twenty wine-growing villages have installed their vineyard on the sunniest slopes, creating the appellation “Bourgogne Hautes Côtes de Beaune”.

Hot summers and dry autumns are factors for the good maturation of the grapes. These climatic conditions provide the grapes with rich sugars and colors.

SOIL: marly limestone and marls from the middle and Upper Jurassic era.

CEPAGES: pinot noir and Chardonnay

Some appellations: CÔTE DE BEAUNE-VILLAGES, CORTON-CHARLEMAGNE, MEURSAULT, PULIGNY-MONTRACHET, SAVIGNY-LES-BEAUNE, VOLNAY  etc…

Southern border of Bourgogne, it is 35km in length, and the landscape is a succession of hills whose east/south-east exposure is ideal for growing vines.

The continental climate which characterizes the whole region is also particularly favorable to good maturation of the grapes.

Mostly white high-volume, high-value Chardonnay are produced.

SOIL: alluvium, clay, or sandy clay over a limestone base.

CEPAGES: 80% of Chardonnay and a little bit of Gamay and Pinot Noir.

Some appellations:  MÂCON, MÂCON-VILLAGES, POUILLY-FUISSE etc…